Practicing your knife skills? Learn basic vegetable cuts by knowing exactly what they look like and what dishes they are perfect for. The only tools you need are a vegetable peeler, a good knife, and a sturdy chopping board. Here’s a quick breakdown on how to dice, julienne, and more.
1 Wash and dry the vegetable to be cut. Peel, if necessary (when using vegetables like carrots), and cut off the ends.
2 For sturdy vegetables (such as carrots, potatoes, and radishes), square them off by cutting them in half crosswise then trimming off each side to produce a flat end. You should come up with rectangular shapes.
Left to right: baton, batonnet, julienne, fine julienne
Use for: Thick-cut french fries and vegetable decorations
To make baton, batonnet, large dice, and medium dice: Slice the rectangular piece lengthwise, then slice each piece again in half lengthwise, making four even sticks. For a baton, cut each quarter into 2½ by ½ by ½-inch sticks.
Use for: Crudités and vegetable tempura
To make a batonnet: Slice quarters in half lengthwise, then cut each piece into 2 by ¼ by ¼-inch sticks.
Use for: Vegetables in stir-fried noodles and salads
To make julienne, fine julienne, small dice, and brunoise: Take a rectangular piece and trim length to 1 or 2 inches. For a julienne cut: Slice a piece into ¹⁄8-inch-thick rectangular sheets. Slice each sheet lengthwise to make ¹⁄8-inch-wide sticks.
Use for: Salads, coleslaw, and plating decoration
To make a fine julienne: Slice a piece into ¹⁄16-inch-thick rectangular sheets. Slice each sheet lengthwise to make ¹⁄16-inch-wide sticks.
Left to right: brunoise, small dice, medium dice, large dice
Use for: Pot pies and stews
Large dice: Take a baton and cut it into ½-inch cubes.
Use for: Soups and chowders
Medium dice: Take a batonnet and cut it into ¼-inch cubes.
Use for: Mixing in with ground meat and consommé
To make a small dice: Take a julienne and cut it into ¹⁄8-inch cubes.
Use for: Dips and sauces, and for sautéing
To make a brunoise cut: Take a fine julienne and cut it into ¹⁄16-inch cubes.
Lesson originally published in the January 2017 issue of Yummy magazine. Minor edits have been made by Yummy.ph editors.