Tracking The Local Milk Tea Trend: How Did This Obsession Start?
Milk tea is one crazy food trend.
Have you joined¬†the milk tea bandwagon?¬†You're not alone.
It's 2019, 11 years after the popular milk tea arrived on our shores, and love for milk tea is at an all-time high. The sheer number of milk tea fans keep growing as milk tea shops keep popping up with their extensive menus that ensure that anyone can find their exact, perfect cup. Nowadays, it's¬†not surprising to see someone you know drinking milk tea atleast once a week,¬†lining up for hours, or having it delivered to¬†their doorstep.¬†
Before The Milk Tea Craze
Although we don't have an extremely rich history with tea like in China, Filipinos have always had a taste for tea. Nestea Iced Tea and Lipton Iced Tea are household and restaurant staples, C2 went extremely big back in the day, and most of us brew our own salabat or ginger tea. In fact, milk tea has always been there even before the craze. Chow King has always been selling Nai Cha, traditional Hong Kong milk tea made with black tea and evaporated milk sans pearls. So what exactly caused the sudden spike in fame?
2008 - Serenitea Brings The Milk Tea Trend To Our Shores
It was December 9, 2008, when Serenitea opened its first branch in San Juan, Manila. If you need to blame someone for your milk tea addiction, it has to be Serenitea founders Juliet D. Herrera-Chen and Peter L. Chen. Peter, who spent some time in Taiwan, where milk tea was already trending full-swing, thought that us Filipinos were going to want in on it, too. He was right.
2009 - Milk Tea Invades University Areas
By 2009, Serenitea's shops had already been doing well and other entrepreneurs soon caught on. Happy Fanshu, in 2009, opened near Far Eastern University,¬†bringing milk tea to droves of students. This was only the beginning. Milk tea shops then began to populate near Ateneo, La Salle, and UP with their quirky milk tea puns: Teaology, Infinitea, Q-Tea, and more. This was the true start of the explosion.
Milk tea shops began to compete with coffee shops. Milk tea shops, after all, carried a similar ambience, a casual¬†space that allowed visitors to stay for long periods of time-perfect for the student with a paper to finish or friends to hang out with. The massive number of students getting in on the trend, buying milk tea as both a caffeinated pick-me-up and a sweet treat, allowed these milk tea shops to thrive. On top of that, milk tea had the edge of being "novel" and also being branded as a "healthier" drink.¬†
2010- Chris Tiu's First Happy Lemon Franchise
Milk tea was on a roll. It reached new heights when Chris Tiu, who was then the UAAP basketball player who heralded Ateneo's 5-peat winning streak, bought a franchise of Happy Lemon straight from Taiwan. People went crazy for Happy Lemon's cream cheese and they formed shocking long lines.
With the milk tea trend well into the mainstream, everyone began to have their favorites. When SPOT.ph released its first¬†Top 10 Milk Tea Spots In The City, it meant that the market had reached a big enough number of milk tea shops to actually rank the players. Granted, most of this nearly decade-old list have closed down since.
2011 -Taiwanese Milk Tea Giants Enter The PH Market
It seemed that Chris Tiu, with his Happy Lemon Franchise, had set the precedent. With milk tea competitions running high, milk tea franchises from the mothership of milk tea, Taiwan, entered our market. Gong Cha and Chatime not only entered the market, but they soon climbed the lists, encouraging other milk tea shops to keep up.
Taiwanese milk tea shops¬†weren't just taking over¬†our country at this time, but they were also moving into the rest of the world. Aside from wanting to tap a bigger market, there was another sinister reason for the international milk tea trend. In that same year, the milk tea trend suffered a setback in Taiwan as tainted additives were discovered. Growing on new soil, milk tea continued to prosper.
2013 - Milk Tea Reaches Its Peak
By 2013 the milk tea trend reaches its first peak. Everyone was drinking milk tea and the number of milk tea shops was beginning to stabilize. In SPOT.ph's Top 10 List¬†in 2013, you'll recognize most of the shops as household names: Serenitea ranking at #9, Happy Lemon ranking at #8, Tokyo Bubble Tea at #5, Chatime at #4, Dakasi at #2, and Gong Cha at #1.¬†
The trouble though also began in 2013. Just as the milk tea trend had reached its high plateau, the descent was inevitably coming. In that year, a branch of Dakasi in Iloilo served milk tea contaminated with E. Coli and Salmonella causing 50 customers to fall ill, one of them died.
Milk tea, when it exploded into our shores, was branded as a healthier substitute for coffee. But in 2016, a study was held to examine just how much sugar milk tea drinkers were getting. They were getting A LOT. In their study, they found that Asian Americans in Southeast Asian communities (which includes the Filipino community) were not only prone to bingeing on milk tea but that they were also prone to diabetes.
However, locally, it didn't seem that people cared for milk tea as a health drink.
The Milk Tea Revival - 2017 To Present
With the passage of time, new milk tea products and the arrival of new milk tea shops straight from Taiwan meant one thing: the milk tea trend was officially back.
Milk tea shops Macao Imperial, Yi Fang Taiwan Fruit Tea, popular milk tea names in Taiwan, all opened up shop locally in 2017. Thai brand Cha Tuk Chak came in with their distinctly flavored Thai milk tea. The combined marketing efforts of these new players¬†captured the nostalgic yuppie and the millennial market. The generation of college students who spent a chunk of their allowances on milk tea now had jobs and money to spend, spend, spend.